原创翻译:龙腾网 http://usvisapass.com 翻译:不知悔過的劍 转载请注明出处
论坛地址:http://usvisapass.com/bbs/thread-349295-1-1.html

India: 100% More Traffic Deaths Than China

印度:高出中国100%的交通死亡事故



Despite having 99 million fewer people and fewer vehicles, the number of deaths in road accidents in India is more than twice the number of people killed similarly in China.

尽管(比中国)少9900万人和更少的车的印度,印度在道路交通事故死亡的人数同样超过中国的死亡人数两倍以上。

Despite having 99 million fewer people and fewer vehicles, the number of deaths in road accidents in India is more than twice the number of people killed similarly in China, according to a government report.

根据一份政府报告,尽管(比中国)少9900万人和更少的车的印度,印度在道路交通事故死亡的人数却同样超过中国的死亡人数两倍以上。

About 377 people die on Indian roads every day, the world's highest fatalities in road accidents, according to "Road Accidents in India 2013", a Ministry of Road Transport and Highways report. The majority of deaths stem from unsafe driving and carelessness–as the Salman Khan case indicates and the data confirm.

www.116qp.com_【官方首页】-116棋牌根据一份印度道路运输及公路部《2013年印度道路交通事故》的报告,每天约有377人死在印度的马路上,也是在道路事故中全世界最多的死亡人数。大多数事故死亡出自不安全驾驶和粗心大意,正如萨尔曼·汗的肇事逃逸表明并证实数据。

As the 21st century rolled in—and it became clear that China had outstripped India on most measures—one of the things that India took comfort from was the fact that dangerous as Indian roads were, more Chinese died in traffic accidents then.

随着21世纪的到来,然後很清楚地中国在大部分数据都超过了印度,对印度而言颇感欣慰的其中一件的事实是就如印度道路一样的危险,越来越多中国人死於交通事故。

However, since 2005—if we believe Chinese statistics—China has reduced deaths in road accidents by almost a third over five years. Over the same period, traffic deaths in India increased 41%.

但是自2005年以後—要是我们还相信中国方面的统计数据,中国已经超过5年在道路交通事故减少近三分之一的死亡人数。www.116qp.com_【官方首页】-116棋牌印度却在同期的交通死亡人数增长了41%。

On the brighter side, the number of deaths on India's roads did see a 3.4% decline from 2011 to 2013 (Refer table 4).

www.116qp.com_【官方首页】-116棋牌就积极面来看,在印度道路的死亡人数从2011到2013年确实得到了3.4%的缓降(参考表4)。

As many as 6,463 Indians were killed (and 20,081 injured) in road accidents caused by alcohol/drug consumption, compared with 1,713 people killed on the UK's roads.

和死於英国道路的1713人相比,多达6463名印度人因酒醉吸毒死於道路交通事故。

High-profile cases, such as Salman Khan's drunken driving, may corner media attention, but two out of five road fatalities in India are caused by over-speeding: 56,529 people or 41% of all deaths in road accidents.

诸如备受瞩目的萨尔曼·汗酒醉驾车案可能垄断了媒体的关注,但在印度道路事故死亡五分之二是由超速引起的(56,529人,占道路交通事故死亡人数的41%)。

Overloading and overcrowding of vehicles (20.8%) and protruding loads (7.1%) were the other big killers. The root cause of all these deaths is human error and neglect of basic safety measures and rules, which means most are preventable.

超载和车辆满载(20.8%)及货物装卸突出(7.1%)是另一大杀手。所有这些死亡的根本原因都是人为错误和忽视基本的安全措施与规则,这意味着大多数是可以预防的。

Whom to blame? The driver
A vast majority of India's accidents, 78%, are the fault of the driver (refer Table 3).
Other factors combined, such as vehicle defects, pedestrians, cyclists and road conditions, account for less than a quarter of accidents.

谁的责任?驾驶
www.116qp.com_【官方首页】-116棋牌绝大多数的印度交通事故有78%都是驾驶的问题(参考表3)。
www.116qp.com_【官方首页】-116棋牌结合其他因素如车辆缺陷、行人、自行车骑士和路况,事故都占不到全部的四分之一。

Main victims: Two-wheeler drivers
The largest numbers of accident victims are two-wheeler riders/passengers – they accounted for 39,353 road deaths – more than a quarter of the total fatalities on roads (refer Table 5).

This is because two wheelers are the most numerous vehicles on Indian roads and a rider or passenger on a two-wheeler is far more exposed than someone inside an automobile or similar vehicle.

As many as 12,536 pedestrians were also killed in accidents, the result of wanton law-breaking by vehicles and walkers alike–aside from the lack of proper pavements and pedestrian crossings.

主要受害者:摩托车驾驶
www.116qp.com_【官方首页】-116棋牌交通事故最多人数的受害者是摩托车骑士和乘客,他们占了3万9353的死亡人数,超过在马路上全体死亡人数的四分之一。

这是因为摩托车是在印度道路上最多的车辆,而且摩托车上的骑士或乘客,比在汽车内或同型车辆的其他人更容易遭遇冲击。

www.116qp.com_【官方首页】-116棋牌多达1万2536位行人死於事故中,除了缺乏适当的人行道和人行横道外,也与车辆和行人肆意违法的结果同样有关。



Table 1: Road Accident Deaths, China & India, 2005-10

表一:道路交通事故死亡人数,中国和印度,2005-2010年



Table 2: No. Of Deaths Caused By Negligence/ Rule-breaking, 2013

表二:因疏忽/违规导致的死亡人数,2013年



Table 3: No. Of Accidents (And % Share Of Total) By Cause, 2013

表三;按原因的交通事故,2013年



Table 4: Death Toll On Major Roads, 2010-13

表四:在主要公路上的死亡人数,2010-2013年



Table 5: Deaths Vehicle-wise, 2013

表五:按车辆类型的死亡人数,2013年